Different territories, climates, zones... clearly distinguish the Penedés. With a wide range of grape varieties, wine styles, cellars and oenological concepts, the D.O. Penedès presents a wide range of wines, simultaneously diverse, valued and recognised everywhere.
One of the key differentiating factors of the quality of D.O. Penedés wines is the constant innovation of growers and winemakers. This national and international recognition of the personal and technological efforts of the wine sector has earned the respect of the consumer, a clear symbol of the quality of the DO Penedés brand.
The Penedés has a long winemaking history and tradition. Generation after generation, the wine world has marked this land giving it a distinctive spirit, yearning to be shared. Given its geographical position and communications network, the D.O. Penedés today is a leader in the wine tourism sector, with a wealth of activities, cellars, services, people and heritage welcoming you to discover the culture of wine.
The hilly region rises between Barcelona and Tarragona, just a few kilometres behind the famous tourist beaches of the Costa Dorada. From the Mediterranean Sea, the southeastern boundary of the Penedés, with a height level of zero meters, the terrain rises up to 944m in the Sierra Llacuna, at its northern boundary. Up to a height of nearly 800 meters wine is growing.
This wine region in the south-west of Barcelona is a region that is dominated by the culture of wine since time immemorial. Already 2,500 years ago, the wine made for "international" recognition of the fertile coastal strip between the present cities of Barcelona and Tarragona.
The Greek historian Herodotus wrote in the 5th century BC praises about the wines, that grew here then. Here was the first Roman province in the Iberian Peninsula. Wine retracted Romans brought their knowledge and "perfected" the already existing vineyards. So it was that even great Roman writers like Plinius, Silius or Marcian were full of praise over this land, "where good wines grow and strangers are welcome" - properties of the Penedes and its inhabitants, that has not changed until today.
Today, the industry of the Penedes wine presents itself as modern, which uses the latest production methods and technological developments.
The Penedes is now more and more recognised for young, modern fruity white, rosé and red wines whose quality is more and more making and finding friends in the international wine arena.
Some facts and figures about this wine region
The region benefits greatly from its proximity to the Catalan metropolis Barcelona.
The D.O. Penedes with about 27,500 hectares divides itself ascending from the coast into three zones ...
Baix Penedes (up to 250 m above sea level),
Mitja Penedes (250 - 500 m) and
Alt Penedes (500 - 850 m).
The soils are of different nature ... at sea level they are sandy, while in the mountains more chalky limestone is found. In the river valleys you also find alluvial soil. Throughout the drainage is good. In general, the climate is warm and quite humid, with high temperatures in summer and sometimes very cold conditions in winter. The average rainfall is - depending on the zone - 500-900 mm per year. The Mediterranean influence makes for a mean sunshine duration of 2500 hours / year, which works out at close to an extraordenary 7 hours a day.
After the phylloxera disaster at the end of the 19th Century mass wines were initially produced. From 1960, the area continued to develop. At that time, the Mayor of Barcelona decided that the region should meet the needs of the city of cheap red wine. This later led to some wineries explored the new situation and made experiments with high-quality, elegant red wines. A lot of the wines however is processed into white wine and Cava. In 2002, about 240,000 hectoliters of white wine were produced, of which about one quarter was exported.
There are well over a hundred varieties cultivated to a considerable extent also local varieties. 15 of which are approved for D.O. wines. Just over 60 % are white grape varieties. The most important are the white Parellada (6,000 ha), Macabeo (6,600 ha), Xarel·lo ( 7,800 ha) , Muscat of Alexandria (for sweet, fortified wines), Chardonnay (about 1,000 ha), Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Gewürztraminer and Riesling as well as the red varieties Garnacha, Monestrell, Carintilde, Tempranillo (here „Ull de Lebrun“), Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir and Merlot.